Culture and history of the USA
The first inhabitants got to North America via the Bering Strait. Their ancestry goes back to the Puebloans from New Mexico, the Apache from Texas or the Navajo in Arizona, Colorado and Utah among others. Leif Erikson first discovered North America 500 years before Christopher Columbus stumbled upon the new continent, whilst traveling past the Calabrian Islands. These discoveries were followed by an influx of migrants from Spain, France and England.
Settlers from Spain formed the first settlement in St. Augustine, Florida in 1565. They were then followed by French and British people who created further settlements. African people were brought into the country for labor purposes.
War broke out between the France and Britain in 1757 and lasted until 1763. The colonies were also affected by this war, which drove French settlers to fight against British settlers and their allied Native Americans. The battle of the French and British settlers as well as the Native Americans was ultimately won by the British settlers.
After the war, Britain found itself at dept and their colonies were also asked to pay part of the war costs. New taxes were set up thereafter. The British settlers that lived in America were however not granted any representation in London. The phrase "No taxation without representation" led to the famous Boston Tea Party in 1773.
The American war of independence lasted from 1775 to 1783. The confederation and creation of the United States of America occurred in 1777. George Washington was the first president of the United States and his presidency lasted from 1789 to 1797. The American civil war began in the 19th century when the conflict between Southern and Northern parts of the country arose. Abraham Lincoln, who was the president of the United States at the time, took a stand against slavery. The North of the country won the civil war in 1865, which also brought an end to slavery for good.
When the industrialization began, America started turning into one of the world's most significant economic powers. After Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, America retaliated by bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Tensions that had been building with Russia since the cold war climaxed during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.
There were many more civil rights movements to follow, one of the most significant ones being the abolishment of the separation between people of all types of skin colors. All people, inlcuding the citicens from Southern America, were thereby granted official civil rights as citizens of America. Martin Luther King's speech was a very memorable and important moment during this civil change.
America's intervention in the Vietnam's Northern and Southern communist movement made Vietnam's situation worse. The war finally ended in 1975 when the US troops left the country's North after an unsuccessful attempt at combating communism.
You will find a short overview of the year's most attractive events in New York, Boston and Los Angeles below. These destinations are also available on our program.
Central Park Summer Stage: (June to September) A multitude of (mostly free) concerts take place on the Summer Stage of the famous Central Park during the summer months. You will get plenty of chances to enjoy live music in this location.
Village Halloween Parade: (October) Halloween is celebrated in an especially grand way in New York. The Village Halloween Parade is an exciting spectacle as well as being one of the largest Halloween Parades in the USA.
Shakespeare on the Common: (July and August) The Commonwealth Shakespeare Company brings Shakespeare's Tragedies and Comedies to life on Boston's Stage. This theater is visited by more than 100.000 people every year, due to the Shakespeare Company's reputation and Shakespeare's infamous plays. Culture is also rarely as accessible as here, because the entry to these performances is free!
Cambridge Carnival: (September) The colorful Cambridge Carnival if the largest and most unique festival in Cambridge. Its origins go all the way back to African traditions. Nowadays it represents the diversity of the city. The costume parade is the yearly highlight of the event. This event is strongly influenced from Carnivals as they can be found in Trinidad, Tobago and Brazil.
LA Film Festival: (June) Los Angeles is known for being at the center of the American Film industry. Hence why it hosts a special film festival every year. You can expect to see roughly 100.000 visitors attending and more than 100 movies being shown.
LA Food and Wine Festival: (August) If food is your passion, LA also has just the event for you! The Food and Wine Festival enables its visitors to try the hosts' newest specialties and secret recipes.