Society and every day life in England
59 percent of the the UK's citizens currently hold the Christian religion. More than 14 million citizens, which is roughly 25.1 percent, have stated that they are not a member or part of a religious organization. Most of the UK's Christians associate with the Anglican Communion, 11 million people are members of the Protestant Church and almost 6 million British people are Catholics. Around 4.8 percent of the population holds the Muslim faith and 1.4 percent follow the Hindu belief.
The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy in which Queen Elisabeth the second is the head of state. She is also the queen and official head of state of the 15 countries of the common wealth, many of which used to be British colonies. Since the periods of colonialism, these countries have developed into independent states.
Theoretically, the monarch has the authority to disband the government at any point. This has however not been done for centuries. Due to the fact that the royal family decides to remain the the background of state-wide decision making, the United Kingdom is widely considered a parliamentary government which exists in the form of a parliamentary monarchy. The parliament is made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. Theresa May is the current Prime Minister and has been since David Cameron stepped down from this position in 2016. The Prime Minister chooses the cabinet and its members, who are then formally admitted into the status as Her Majesty's Government.
Local language and communication
Even though English is the official language in the UK, there are other officially recognized languages in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. These languages are Welsh, Scottish Gaelic and Irish as well as Ulster Scots. Cornish is also spoken locally around Cornwall and Scots is spoken in Scotland. The European Charter classes some of these languages as minority languages which means that they stand under protection as such.
There are also various local dialects which are dependent on the regions that you visit. One of the most internationally well known dialect is the Cockney dialect that people speak in London. This dialect became more well known through the popularization of George Bernhard Shaw's movie Pygmalion, which was turned into a movie called My Fair Lady. In the movie, the professor Henry Higgins teaches the simple flower maid to speak posh British English.
Keep in mind that the traffic in the UK is on the left side of the road. This also means that public transport and cars drive on the left side of the road. The red double-decker buses have become recognized as an international trademark symbol of London and the whole of England. These buses are known as 'coaches' in the UK. There are different kinds of coaches, such as 'stage coaches' and the term that is used depends on the types of journeys that the coaches make. For example some of them only drive locally, while others drive across the country and others are only used for direct connections to airports. Great Britain has very good public transport connections that can take you everywhere in the country very easily and connective services can usually also be found and booked online.