General information about Canada
The country's surfaces reaches until the Atlantic Ocean in the East, the Pacific Ocean in the West and the Arctic Ocean in the North. You can also reach the border of the USA in the South and Northwest parts of Canada. It also touches the border of the USA in the South and the North of the continent.
Canada has 6 different time zones, which causes various parts of the country to have time differences from anywhere between 4 ½ hours to 6 hours, depending on your location. The time difference in Ottawa, Toronto and Montréal is 6 hours, 8 hours in Calgary and 9 hours in Vancouver and Victoria if you are flying from within the GMT+2 time zone.
Climate and travel seasons
Canada has many different climate zones as well, because it stretches across such large masses of land. There are areas with polar climate conditions, maritime climate, continental climate and moderately cold climate, which means that there are varying amounts of precipitation and average temperatures.
It is hard to determine when it would be the best time for traveling to Canada, due to the fact that the precipitation varies continuously. In the Northern parts of Canada temperatures can decrease down to -40 degrees Celsius in the winter. You can however expect the temperatures to rise up to 30 degrees in the Summer. The Okanagan wine valley is located in the British Columbian state and is also one of the warmest regions of Canada.
Climate chart for Ottawa (in degrees Celsius)
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Climate chart for Vancouver (in degrees Celsius)
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